Conservation and Society

ARTICLE
Year
: 2005  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 150--173

Quantifying Changes in Vegetation in Shrinking Grazing Areas in Africa


Randall B Boone 
 Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA

Correspondence Address:
Randall B Boone
1499 Campus Delivery - B234 NESB, Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, 80523-1499
USA

Pastoralists around the globe are being sedentarised and livestock mobility is declining. Animals once able to move about landscapes to access ephemeral green forage are being confined to small areas with fewer forage choices. The ecosystem model SAVANNA was used to quantify the effects of land subdivision and sedentarisation on vegetation traits in South Africa and Kenya. In South Africa, significant declines in high palatability green leaf biomass, annual net primary productivity, and root biomass were recorded as a 300 km 2 block of land was subdivided into parcels of 10 km 2 . In contrast, low palatability biomass measures generally increased. Woody plant populations and slow decomposing soil organic matter increased significantly, whereas surface litter declined. In southern Kajiado District, Kenya, group ranches in which livestock populations declined under subdivision showed increases in herbaceous biomass, whereas the ranch where livestock populations did not change under subdivision had less herbaceous biomass. Livestock within small parcels were food stressed in the dry season and their populations declined so that vegetation increased beyond what could be eaten in the wet season. The vegetation changes modelled led to, or reflected, significant declines in livestock. The results suggest that stakeholders should retain open access to subdivided lands to reduce loss of vegetation productivity.


How to cite this article:
Boone RB. Quantifying Changes in Vegetation in Shrinking Grazing Areas in Africa.Conservat Soc 2005;3:150-173


How to cite this URL:
Boone RB. Quantifying Changes in Vegetation in Shrinking Grazing Areas in Africa. Conservat Soc [serial online] 2005 [cited 2022 Sep 26 ];3:150-173
Available from: https://www.conservationandsociety.org.in//article.asp?issn=0972-4923;year=2005;volume=3;issue=1;spage=150;epage=173;aulast=Boone;type=0