Conservation and Society

ARTICLE
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103--111

Causes and Consequences of Displacement Decision-making in Banhine National Park, Mozambique


Chad Dear, Stephen McCool 
 College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA; and University of Central Asia, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Correspondence Address:
Chad Dear
College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA; and University of Central Asia, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Around the world, decision-making is looming regarding the displacement of people resident in and reliant on the natural capital in protected areas. While policies such as the World Bank«SQ»s safeguard policy on involuntary resettlement guides decisions about the potential displacement of people in protected areas, there are often political and other obstacles to implementation. In the case of displacement decision-making in Banhine National Park (BNP), Mozambique, district-level government officials promoted the displacement of BNP-area residents and their resettlement into villages outside the park in a manner that was inconsistent with the World Bank safeguard policy. The decision to displace park residents was influenced by communication and capacity challenges, pressures for political decentralisation, the local-level operationalisation of international poverty reduction and development agendas, and a national-level agenda to concentrate or villagise dispersed rural populations. Ideas regarding inhabited versus uninhabited protected area models only influenced how displacement and resettlement occurred and not whether it occurred. Protected area displacement debates that do not account for broader and more powerful political forces may be of little significance to real decisions regarding displacement.


How to cite this article:
Dear C, McCool S. Causes and Consequences of Displacement Decision-making in Banhine National Park, Mozambique.Conservat Soc 2010;8:103-111


How to cite this URL:
Dear C, McCool S. Causes and Consequences of Displacement Decision-making in Banhine National Park, Mozambique. Conservat Soc [serial online] 2010 [cited 2022 Jan 24 ];8:103-111
Available from: https://www.conservationandsociety.org.in//article.asp?issn=0972-4923;year=2010;volume=8;issue=2;spage=103;epage=111;aulast=Dear;type=0